Wednesday, August 26, 2020

the bomb :: essays research papers fc

     August sixth 1945, 70,000 lives were finished in a meter of seconds. The United States had dropped a nuclear bomb on the city of Hiroshima then on Nagasaki. Today many contend about whether or not the US ought to have taken such an intense measure. Was it totally important that we drop such an overwhelming weapon?      First see what was happening at the time the choice was made. The US had been battling a gigantic war since 1941. The result was evident however the two sides kept on battling, and both were resolved to win. Clearly the best thing would have been to carry the war to a snappy end, with at least setbacks. In a gathering on the eighteenth of June the Joint War plans Committee gave Truman anticipated passing rates running from a low of 31,000 to a high of 50,000. This number is a lot of lower than gauges from different sources. Air conditioning Snow, a News and Observer manager, composed â€Å"The attack was normal to be the Armageddon of world war II. A few students of history venture that a million or more lives would have been lost.† President Truman and secretary of war, Henry Smitten, said that dropping the bomb was a military activity that maintained a strategic distance from the loss of numerous lives in the up and coming intrusion of Kyushu.      I wonder what might have happened had the A-bomb not been utilized? The most clear thing is that the war would have proceeded for any longer. Us powers in this manner, would have needed to attack the home island of Japan. A few history specialists state the quantity of losses could have arrived at a million us fighters, dead or injured. Likewise, our powers would not just need to fend off the Japanese military, however they would need to protect themselves against the regular citizens of Japan also. The Japanese would have proceeded to battle the US with all they had.      No one can say precisely what might have occurred, in light of the fact that let’s face it, nobody knows. It’s conceivable Japan was going to hand over its genuine acquiescence, yet most proof would not concur with that. One thing that focuses to the Japanese not giving up would be Kamikaze pilots. Kamikaze were â€Å"suicide† pilots. They would stack a plane up with explosives and attempt to crash it into an adversary target. The Japanese Warrior would battle until the end, for his Emperor and his nation. They alarming thing about this is most of the Japanese’s military idea along these lines. The way that the adversary is prepared to pass on as long as you kick the bucket with him isn't something that an officer needs to think

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Spaghetti western Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words

Spaghetti western - Research Paper Example In this regard, the term ‘Spaghetti’ at first was intended to minimize this classification of movies, yet later on, the movies came to be acknowledged because of the aesthetic creativity of the makers, in spite of their lean financial plans. Along these lines, Spaghetti westerns accomplished worldwide acknowledgment because of their unparalleled peculiarity and uniqueness in style and inventiveness, instead of the customary American Hollywood style. Most pundits call attention to that Spaghetti Western rose at the beginning of Sergio Leone’s filmmaking style; this style is obviously delineated in Leone’s set of three of movies that have increased worldwide approval since the time their discharge in the ‘60’s forward-thinking. The main job in this set of three was played by Clint Eastwood, and the sound track was finished by Ennio Morricone; after the gigantic achievement of this set of three Leone, Eastwood and Morricone became commonly recogni zed names in the movie business for their remarkable capacity at coordinating, acting and structure individually. Leone’s Spaghetti westerns are recognizable through various ways; right off the bat, despite the fact that they depend on the customary American western film, Leon’s idea of the west is misrepresented in the entirety of its perspectives. As it were, Leone depicts west that is more out of control and more sensible than the typical one, and this relevant setting gives the general tone of his movies (Scherpschutter and Lindberg). From his movies, it is clear that not at all like customary American westerns, the Spaghetti westerns have a solid tone that is described with extraordinary brutality and mercilessness. Spaghetti Westerns overstates the American way of life and setting to feature the contentions in the film, a method that makes them extraordinarily powerful, in contrast to the American westerns. Being so much activity arranged, exchange in the spaghet ti westerns is rare and dark as it is went with obscure sounds tracks. For example, Morricone’s sound tracks were portrayed by irregular sounds, for example, quick discharges, splitting whips and whistles, notwithstanding the trumpets, the electric guitar and the harp. These irregular sound tracks assumed an exceptionally crucial job in the spaghetti western film, in that they help to upgrade the dramatization and anticipation in the movies. Consequently, the spaghetti westerns have been compared to the old style drama that immensely depended on the melodic component to explain its storyline. Much the same as in the show, the spaghetti westerns depend on the music to outline their storylines in detail, so as to make it understandable to the viewership. Spaghetti western chiefs implanted parts of the Italian culture (portrayed by recklessness and wacky pressures) into their accounts; this is encapsulated in the savagery delineated by the Mexican scoundrels. This Italian social viewpoint is additionally featured through short proximity camera visuals of the actors’ face responses and their firearms, and along with the peculiar sound tracks;â these angles help in working up the pressures in the spaghetti western movies (â€Å"Spaghetti Westerns and Italian Culture†). Spaghetti western movies are additionally eminent for their atypical saint characters that don’t strike as thoughtful, however rather have inclinations normal to the antagonist of the story. In other word, the saint is increasingly similar to the scoundrel, consistently grimy and chaotic, some of the time

Sunday, August 16, 2020

An Unlikely Source of Gratitude and How it Changes Lives

An Unlikely Source of Gratitude â€" and How it Changes Lives I don’t pay much attention to my Facebook news feed, but this morning I woke up to something that caught my attention. My friend Jacob in Minneapolis had posted a message of gratitude. Gratitude that he was alive, and that he has such a supportive community of friends and family. This sort of message might not be an attention grabber if it weren’t for its context: Jacob, an avid cyclist, had been hit by a minivan on his way to work the day before his message. The story was newsworthy: the driver of the minivan had just tried to hang a toddler in her home and had hit and dragged another pedestrian for blocks as well. Jacob chose to focus on gratitude. Thankfully, Jacob escaped with his life and two breaks in his leg that required surgery. For someone whose life is focused around cycling, dancing, and skiing, an injury like this could be devastating. But, despite the fact that my friend’s bike was crushed, his spirits most definitely were not. Last year, another friend who makes his living through physical performance had a major injury that sidelined him for months. He expressed similar gratitude and has made a full, bright recovery. And there’s always the remarkable James Hinchcliffe, the only person ever to survive the type of severe internal injuries he incurred in a 2015 race car driving accident. After a remarkable recovery, he is one of the favorites on the current season of Dancing with the Stars and reports about the crash, Every day I wake up with an attitude and an outlook on life that I wouldnt have had without it. So Im reminded every day of all the good that came out of it. A famous 1978 study of recent paraplegics found that they are equally as happy if not happier than recent lottery winners â€" largely because they are able to gain pleasure from everyday activities that might not give pleasure to someone who has just acquired an outside item. The pleasure of a win can fade, but the pleasure of appreciating life does not. Jacob’s story, and other stories of survivors, are great examples of how gratitude can make a difference and inspire others. Perhaps because of his spirit, a GoFundMe campaign easily surpassed its $5,000 goal in just one day, climbing quickly (through almost 200 donations of $100 or less) toward the $7,000 mark. People like gratitude. Gratitude inspires gratitude! Yesterday a friend said to me, “Life it great! It is different every day!” I agree, and this week especially I am remembering to appreciate all the gifts it offers â€" especially those that might not look like gifts on the surface. I wish the same for you as you head into Thanksgiving week. Can you find gratitude for something you might not have felt grateful for? That’s a practice that will lead to a joyous life. Save Save Save

Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Pyramid of the Magician - Maya Site of Uxmal Mexico

The Pyramid of the Magician, also known as the House of the Dwarf (Casa del Adivino, or Casa del Enano), is one of the most famous Maya monuments of Uxmal, an archaeological site in the Puuc region of Yucatan, in the northern Maya Lowland of Mexico. History Of the Pyramid Of the Magician Its name comes from a Maya tale of the 19th century, titled the Leyenda del Enano de Uxmal (The Legend of the Uxmal’s Dwarf). According to this legend, a dwarf constructed the pyramid in one night, helped by his mother, a witch. This building is one of the most impressive of Uxmal, measuring about 115 feet in height. It was constructed  over the Late and Terminal Classic periods, between AD 600 and 1000,  and five constructive phases have been detected. The one visible today is the latest one, built around AD 900-1000. The pyramid, over which the actual temple stands, has a peculiar elliptical form.  Two staircases lead to the top of the pyramid. The Eastern staircase, the wider, has a small temple along the way that cut the stairway in half. The second access stair, the Western, faces the Nunnery Quadrangle and is decorated with friezes of the rain god Chaac. The Pyramid of the Magician is the first building a visitor encounters entering the ceremonial area of Uxmal, just north of the Ball Game Court and the Palace of the Governor and east of the Nunnery Quadrangle. Several phases of the temple constructed on top of the pyramid are visible while ascending the pyramid from the base to the top. Five construction phases have been detected (Temple I, II, III, IV, V). The facades of the different phases  were decorated with stone masks of the rain god Chaac, typical of the Puuc architectural style of the region. Sources Mc Killop, Heather, 2004, The Ancient Maya. New Perspectives. ABC-CLIO. Santa Barbara, CaliforniaAA.VV. 2006, Los Mayas. Rutas Arqueologicas: Yucatan y Quintana Roo. Edicià ³n Especial de Arqueologia Mexicana, num. 21 (

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

The Role of Connecting Unrelated Events in Developing...

On the Shoulders of Giants: The Role of Connections in Developing Intelligence Abstract This paper provides motivation for making connections between unrelated events as a basis for intelligence. The ability to apply this extended information as a problem-solving technique instantiates the true nature of intelligence. Therefore, it is obvious the field of artificial intelligence should use the same approach. The way these connections are made and the occasional necessity for their modification is discussed. Examples are given showing the use of connections between linguistics and sociocultural systems studies and between engineering design and nature. Next, several examples connecting artificial intelligence with computer†¦show more content†¦Susan connected her falling during the biking accident to the doll falling. Sentient beings use these connections as one method of developing intelligence. Therefore, it stands to reason artificial intelligence researchers rely on these connections to forward study in the field. Connections have been found to exist between linguistics and sociocultural systems studies and engineering and nature. Also, connections exist between artificial intelligence and computer programming, mathematics, astronomy, and engineering. Researchers in artificial intelligence themselves have varied backgrounds. This, however, is not unique to the field. History shows a precedence for connectionist activity in many of the great discoverers of the past. Therefore, researchers in artificial intelligence are expected to continue the practice of drawing from other disciplines in their quest to develop artificial intelligence. Early Connections: The Role of Experience Leonardo da Vinci said: all our knowledge finds its origins in our perceptions (Willis, p. 47). Just like falling off a bike, experiences form ones perception of how the world functions into a term called folk physics (Bechtel, p. 72). These workings can then be applied to new problems. Tackling new problems using previous solutions or experiences and applying this information to unrelated problems is known as analogy in problem-solving (Andrew, p. 7). Sometimes these analogies are incorrect, butShow MoreRelatedLodging Inductry24737 Words   |  99 Pagesand satisfied customers. This would include identifying consumer needs, developing a good product, and pricing, distributing, and promoting it effectively. This chapter introduces all of these terms and gives an overview of their place in the marketing world. CHAPTER OBJECTIVES Students should be able to: 1. Understand the relationships between the world’s hospitality and travel industry. 2. Define the role of marketing and discuss its core concepts. 3. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Ethical Lens Inventory Free Essays

Your personal preferred lens is: Reputation Lens You listen to your intuition (sensibility) to determine what character traits and virtues will best serve the community (equality). Your Core Values: Equality and sensibility You prioritize the value of equality over autonomy. Your primary concern is the well-being of the whole community and you believe that assuring the community’s well-being is the best way to assure that individuals are treated fairly. We will write a custom essay sample on Ethical Lens Inventory or any similar topic only for you Order Now You prioritize the value of sensibility over rationality. You believe the best results are achieved by examining each situation in its own context rather than applying one-size-fits-all solutions. Your Classical Values: Fortitude You demonstrate courage and steadiness in the face of obstacles. You tend to avoid rash actions while at the same time charting an untested course. You value connections and friendship, appreciating those who work with you as you. Your Key Phrase: â€Å"I make virtuous choices. † Because you value equality and sensibility, you tend to assume that everyone lives out the positive character traits required by their role. Your Definition of ethical behavior: Living out Role Responsibilities You define an ethical person as one with sound character traits and habits of thoughtful reflection. For you, those who demonstrate strong leadership in their roles and who encourage others to do the same exemplify ethical behavior. Your Tools for analyzing problems: Tradition You like to gather information about what others in your role or a similar situation have done, as you carefully assess a problem. Even as you consider what others you respect have done in similar situations, you will remain attentive to the unique needs of the community in this case. Your Gift: Compassion Because you value equality, when you are at your best, you demonstrate compassion for others. You care about the community as a whole and about its individual members. While living into the requirements of the role you have assumed, you are able to â€Å"tell the story† of each member of your community. Your Blind spot: Unrealistic Role Expectations Because you rely so strongly on the virtues associated with various roles, you run the risk of developing unrealistic role expectations. You will tend to rely too much on the virtues associated with a particular role, forgetting that individuals are fallible regardless of their role. Even those who live fully into the virtues required in their role may not be able to resolve all problems. Your Risk: Self-Righteousness When you lack compassion for others, you run the risk of believing that the perks and privileges of your role belong to you because you are better than others. This can make you susceptible to insincere flattery and immune to constructive critiques preventing you from doing your job effectively. Your Temptation: Entitlement If you are not paying attention, your temptation will be to believe that you are entitled to special privileges, because you have not accurately assessed yourself or the situation. You will forget that you are not the same as your role and will persuade yourself that your role gives you rights inconsistent with good character. Your Vice: Hardness of Heart Without compassion, you tend toward hard-heartedness, unwilling to consider the needs of individuals. Clergy, judges, elected officials – and others with responsibility to the whole community – are particularly prone to thinking they know what the problem is without listening to the individual case and to applying capricious and inappropriate solutions. Your Crisis: Confusion Unless you develop the practice of mindfulness and reflection, at some point you will confront the loss of your center, especially if you lose the role with which you have become identified. You run the risk of being misunderstood and losing your personal authenticity unless you remember that you are not your role. Your Seeing Clearly: Use your head To see more clearly, check to see whether your gut and your head agree. To find balance, explore the gifts of the other lenses – consistency and concern for the individual. As you consider the character traits necessary for a healthy community, remember to temper your actions with concern for individuals. Look for ways to balance the rights of individuals with the well-being of the community and remember that consistency is not the same as uniformity. As you learn to consider other perspectives in your decision making process, you will live out the best of your ideals with compassion and care for others. How to cite Ethical Lens Inventory, Essay examples

Monday, May 4, 2020

Bhakti Poetry concepts and Aesthetics free essay sample

About the generic term bhakti, Krishna Sharma in the Preface to his book Bhakti and Bhakti Movement says, â€Å"The common man in India understands the word as religious devotion in a general sense, regardless of the differences in the forms of its manifestation, caused by variations of beliefs and practices. But the academics understand it differently. In all scholastic works, bhakti is treated a specific religious mode. It is defined in terms of a belief and an attachment to a personal God. † The medieval schools of bhakti believed that there is one supreme divine person whom the human soul, as a finite spiritual being, eternally seeks. They also believed that as long as the human soul does not realise its true spiritual nature, it wanders unhappy from birth to birth. According to them, the grace of god awakens the soul to its spiritual nature, which creates a longing for the infinite spirit, which they said was same as bhakti. â€Å"The history of bhakti is the history of a growing spiritualization of religion, i. e. to say of a movement increasingly away from external ritualism in practice and a growing sense of nearness of the deity in experience. 1 This moving away from ritualism and laying emphasis on the experience began in the southern part of India by the Vaishnavite Alvars and Shaivite Nayanars and came to be known as the Bhakti Movement. The movement spread throughout India in the due course of time. It not only had an impact on religious beliefs and rituals but also on arts and cultures. It led to the growth of regional languages, devotional songs and poetry. Poetry played an important part in Bhakti Movement. Though the aim of the movement in the south was same as in the north, the style of Bhakti poetry of the south 1 Susmita Pande(1982), pg? 12. differed with that of the north. When studying Bhakti poetry, we come across terms like Dohas, Ramainis and Pads: †¢ Dohas (two liners) or Sakhis (witnessings), also called sloks by Sikhs. These couplets can either be recited or sung. †¢ Ramainis are rhymed lyrics that end in a Doha †¢ Pads(verses) or Sabdas(words). These are sung compositions whose length varies from four verses to twelve or more. Each begins with a title verse that also serves as refrain. The Bhakti proponents of northern India were generally called sants or bhakts depending on the School the belonged to. The Schools we are talking about were the Nirguna and Saguna Schools. The Nirguna School did not believe in image worship as they believed that god was without attributes. They used the word Ram in their poems to address god. They believed, god was nameless, imageless. Their proponents were called sants. Famous amongst them were Kabir and Ravidas. On the other side was the Sagun School, which believed in god with attributes and they poems surrouned around the images and stories of Krishna and Rama. Their proponents were called bhakts. Among the famous bhakts were Surdas, Tulsidas and Mirabai. Irrespective of the schools, proponents of both sides propagated a doctrine that transcended the caste system and encouraged individuals to seek personal union with the supreme divine. Their messages of personal religion were conveyed to the people through the their pads. These pads and the Bhakti saints’ teachings had a great impact on the lives of the people of their times. I will now take one sant and one bhakt and look into their works and theories. Then I will look into the question of women in Bhakti poetry through Mirabai’s poems. KABIR THE SANT: Kabir, who lived around the 15th century, believed in the fundamental equality of man. His belief was based on the essential unity of God. In this regard, he says: Only the One I recognize Those who call him two will go to hell For they know not the reality. All human beings are sustained by the same air and water, And are illuminated by the same light. And all have been formed out of the same dust, And their creator is the same. 2 Kabir, a critic of his contemporary society questions the caste system by asking weather the Brahmans had milk in their veins and the Sudras had blood. If this was not so then why were Brahmans Brahmans and Sudras Sudras? He also questions that if the Brahmans were superior then why were they not born in a different way? Kabir does not stop only at caste but goes on to creed as well. He upheld the concept of the unity of God? head and denounced the differences between different religious followers, especially between Hindus and Muslims. Kabir’s poems can be categorized into two regions. One is the Rajasthan? Punjab western poetry and the others are the poems of Kabir from Banaras. Kabir is worshipped in the Kabir Panth (Kabir’s path), which is a community of people from humble backgrounds. These followers of Kabir have the responsibility for assembling the poetry collected in a volume called the Bijak. If we study the Bijak poems of Kabir closely, we find his poems oozing with confidence. Through these poems Kabir was ready to challenge any authority of any religion, be it the Qazi or the Brahmin. The Banarasi Bijak poems of Kabir do 2 Kabir’s Padavali, pg? 55. not acknowledge any deities. In his poems we can find the use of the word ‘Ram’ not as Lord Rama of the Ramayana but as a general word for God. If there is the mention of any Gods in any of Kabir’s Bijak poems then these are not to acknowledge them but rather in denial. There is no mention of Goddesses in any of the Bijaki poems of Kabir. On analysing the western style of Kabiri poems, we find many of Kabirs poems have been incorporated into the Sikh Granths. Along with poems of Sikh Gurus, Kabir’s poems are sung in congregational worship even today. In spite of different sects or religions following Kabir’s teachings, there is not even a slightest sign of any affinity to any religion in Kabir’s poems. What Kabir believed was the fundamental oneness of man and human spirit. He rejected the caste system as well as the inequalities based on the belief in superiority of a particular race or religion. He said that all human beings are made of skin, blood and bones and there can be no differentiation on the basis of religion. Kabir, as I have stated earlier, lived around the 15th century. If we reflect back today and see, for a person of the lower caste, like Kabir, to write about unity, equality and brotherhood of all at a time when society believed in religious and racial superiority truly looks revolutionary. TULSIDAS’ AESTHETICS OF POETRY: Tulsidas is considered to be one of the best poets of Hindi literature. He was a liberal Brahmin who translated the Ramayana into popular Hindi. His Ramayana would later become northern India’s single most important religious text. His Ramacharitamanasa according to A. A. Macdonnell, is ‘a kind of Bible to a hundred millions of people of northern India. ’ Nothing elated M. K. Gandhi ‘like the music of Gita and Ramayana of Tulidas. ’3 His writings are rich with deep thoughts and inspiring sentiments. Of all the Bhakti poets, Tulsidas took an integrated and holistic view of society and this is very much visible in his poetry. Tulsidas talks about the aesthetics of Bhakti poetry. In this regard he says that a word and its meaning are very closely related. One that is meaningless is beyond usage and exists only in the mind of a thinker but would certainly not have any place in poetry. According to him though a word and its meaning look separate, they are actually not. â€Å"Tulsidas observes that the word is one with its meaning, as water with the wave, though they are distinguished in speech. †4 Tulsidas uses the words sundara, madhura and manjula for beauty but does not give a definition of beauty. Beauty, he thinks, cannot be described; for sight is without speech and speech is without sight. †5 Tulidas finds it impossible to depict the beauty of Rama and Sita in words. In his poetry we find that he has handled the sentiments of love and humour with morality and propriety. He is very definite on the concept of poetry. In regards to the Constituents of Poetry, Bharadwaj says that, â€Å"Composition is diverse according to its words, meanings, figures of speech, and metres. It consists of various kinds of emotion, sentiment, rasa, excellence, and defect. Bhamaha, Dandi, Kesava and some others laid emphasis on figures of speech (alankara); Vamana on style (riti), Kuntaka on innuendo (vakrokti), 3 Bharadwaj(1979), pg? 340. 4 Ibid pg? 267. 5 Das(1922) I? pg? 228 Anandavardhana and Abhinavagupta on sonus (dhvani); and Bharata muni and Visvanatha on rasa. But Mammata demanded that a literary composition should be full of merits (guna) and be devoid of defects (dosa), even though there were or were not any figures of speech or embellishments. In a like strain Tulsidas admits many kinds of word, meaning, metre, and composition, and lso innumerable varieties of emotion, sentiment, rasa, excellence and defect,†¦.. †6 it was therefore necessary, that a poet should have mastery over vocabulary (kosa), figures of speech (alankara), coalition (sandhi), flow (gati), concord (maitri), and choice of words and letters (varnavichara). 7 WOMEN IN BHAKTI POETRY: Bhakti poetry was not only lyrical. It also through its lyrics raised a voice aga inst many prevailing social values and traditions. Whenever we think of devotees of lord Krishna, few names like Surdas, Chaitanya and Mirabai come to our minds instantly. Mirabai’s devotion for Krishna can be termed as love and by publicly expressing this love in the form of singing and dancing Mirabai violated the existing norms of her times. Mirabais poems can be classified roughly into four categories: 1. Poems of salutation, 2. Poems of love for Krishna, 3. Poems of dissatisfaction with the world and a certain Rana, and 4. Poems of separation. Mirabais most powerful poems are those in which she accepts Krishna as 6 Bharadwaj(1979) pg? 268. 7 Ibid pg? 267. her husband and describes her loving devotion to him. In most of her compositions, the body is female and the love is wound. In one of Mirabai’s poems, the translation reads: He has bound my heart with the powers he owns, MotherHe with the lotus eyes. Arrows like spears: this body is pierced, and Mother, he’s gone far away. When did it happen, Mother? I don’t know but now it’s too much to bear. Talismans, spells, medicinesI’ve tried, but the pain won’t go. Is there someone who can bring relief? Mother, the heart is cruel. Here I am, near, and you are not far: Hurry to me, to meet. Mira’s MountainLifter Lord, have mercy, cool this body’s fire! LotusEyes, with the powers you own, Mother, With those powers you’ve bound. In this poem we see that Mirabai is addressing a female friend with the general expression ‘Mother’. As the poem proceeds we realise that she is actually appealing to Krishna. Her friend may stand near her, but Krishna is the person she really hopes is ‘not far. ’ This is who she really wants to meet. 9 He re we can study gender realities? male is the inflictor of injury (Krishna) and female is the 8 Hawley (2005), 168 9 ibid injured party (Mirabai herself). Mirabai’s poems also contain a sense of longing and erotic love. There is a double fantasy of weakness and control. CONCLUSION: The Bhakti movement cannot be called a mass movement for it did not directly aim at changing the living conditions of the masses. It was a movement whose aim was individual salvation. For the Bhakti proponents, real devotion was not the renunciation of the world. Devotion for them was repeating God’s name and seeking him within oneself while carrying out the daily duties. They propagated humanism and individualism. They were against any form of organised or institutionalised religion. Its ultimate goal was mystical union with god and it used poetry to achieve this goal. Bhakti poetry reached the masses and showed them the path to reach God. Till today many people read the Gita or Quran without actually understanding it but Bhakti poetry was not only read, recited or sung by the masses but their deep rooted meanings were understood by the people. Bhakti perfected the notion of man and god and of ritual and conduct. The movement liberated many people spiritually.